What do the words Padshah-Pahelvans mean in Parsi tradition? (TMY – Jame Jamshed of 29-10-17)

  1. The words Padshah-Pahelvans are often collectively used in Parsi Gujarati language, particularly in connection with Iranian history of the Peshdadian and Kayanian dynasty.
  2. The word Padshah means Emperor. In ancient Iran the Emperor was referred to as Padshah, for instance jamshed Padshah or Kae-khushru Padshah.
  3. The word Pahelvan means kings or knights, who worked under the Padshah, were rulers of smaller principalities, and who were assigned kingship by the Emperor. They often advised, counseled and assisted the king and formed a part of his cabinet. They were confidantes of the king.
  4. There were two main families of Pahelwans, one descending from Kersasp and the other descending from Kaveh. The main descendants of Kersasp’s family were Zal, Sam, Rustom and Sohrab Pahelvans, and the main descendants of Kaveh’s family were Gudarz, Giv, Gurgin and Bizan.
  5. Kersasp’s family and descendants were rulers of Zabulistan (Eastern Iran). Kaveh and his descendants were rulers of Khavar (Western Iran).
  6. The names of Padshah-Pahelvans are often remembered by priests in Nam-gharan whenever they perform rituals like Afringan, Farokshsi and Jashan.
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